How To Play Roulette
How To Play Roulette, Roulette odds, Roulette Strategy, Online Roulette, how to win at roulette
- 1 History
- 2 Rules of play against a casino
- 3 Roulette wheel number sequence
- 4 Roulette table layout
- 5 Types of bets
- 6 Bet odds table
- 7 House edge
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Roulette wheel number sequence
The pockets of the roulette wheel are numbered from 1 to 36.In number ranges from 1 to 10 and 19 to 28, odd numbers are red and even are black. In ranges from 11 to 18 and 29 to 36, odd numbers are black and even are red.There is a green pocket numbered 0 (zero). In American roulette, there is a second green pocket marked 00. Pocket number order on the roulette wheel adheres to the following clockwise sequence in most casinos
Roulette table layout
American style layout, French single zero wheel
The cloth covered betting area on a roulette table is known as the layout. The layout is either single zero or double zero. The European style layout has a single zero, and the American style layout is usually a double zero. The American style roulette table with a wheel at one end is now used in most casinos. The French style table with a wheel in the centre and a layout on either side is rarely found outside of Monte Carlo.
Types of bets
- Straight (or Single)
- a single number bet. The chip is placed entirely on the middle of a number square.
- a bet on two adjoining numbers, either on the vertical or horizontal (as in 14-17 or 8-9). The chip is placed on the line between these numbers.
- a bet on three numbers on a single horizontal line. The chip is placed on the edge of the line of a number at the end of the line (either the left or the right, depending on the layout).
- Corner (or Square)
- a bet on four numbers in a square layout (as in 11-12-14-15). The chip is placed at the horizontal and vertical intersection of the lines between the four numbers.
- Six line (or Double Street)
- a bet on two adjoining streets, with the chip placed at the corresponding intersection, as if in between where two street bets would be placed.
- a bet on the intersecting point between 0, 1 and 2, or 0, 2 and 3 (single-zero layout only).
- Basket (or the first four)
- (non-square corner) a bet on 0, 1, 2, and 3 (single-zero layout only).
- a bet on 0, 1, and 2; 0, 00, and 2; or 00, 2, and 3 (double-zero layout only). The chip is placed at the intersection of the three desired numbers.
- Top line
- a bet on 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3 (double-zero layout only). The chip is placed either at the corner of 0 and 1, or the corner of 00 and 3.
- Outside bets typically have smaller payouts with better odds at winning.
- 1 to 18 (Manque)
- a bet on one of the first low eighteen numbers coming up.
- 19 to 36 (Passe)
- a bet on one of the latter high eighteen numbers coming up.
- Red or black (Rouge ou Noir)
- a bet on which color the roulette wheel will show.
- Even or odd (Pair ou Impair)
- a bet on an even or odd nonzero number.
- Dozen bets
- a bet on the first (1-12, Premiere douzaine (P12)), second (13-24, Moyenne douzaine (M12)), or third group (25-36, Dernière douzaine (D12)) of twelve numbers.
- Column bets
- a bet on all 12 numbers on any of the three vertical lines (such as 1-4-7-10 on down to 34). The chip is placed on the space below the final number in this string.
- Snake Bet
- Essentially a special dozen bet consisting of a bet of the following numbers: 1, 5, 9, 12, 14, 16, 19, 23, 27, 30, 32, and 34. Some gambling “experts”[who?] consider it a so-called sucker bet as they claim that the player has to bet a unit on each of those numbers, yet this theory (as with many gambling theories) is not true as any bet on the table has exactly the same house edge. However, some casinos which allow the snake bet (not all casinos do) allow the table minimum to be bet on the snake by placing the bet on the lower corner of the 34 spot which touches the 19-36 even money bet. On some layouts the “snake bet” is marked and depicted as a two-headed snake, with one head at one end of the “body” above and to the left left of the 1 and the other at the end of the “body” below and to the left of the 34. On these layouts the bet is placed on one of the heads.
In the UK, all bets have the same play to payout ratio; for instance, putting one chip on each number 1-12 will yield the same outcome as 12 chips on the first dozen (assuming the original stake is removed). The exception is the very outside bets (red/black, odd/even, low numbers/high numbers) when zero is the result only half of the original stake is captured by the dealer.
Bet odds table
The payout, for American and European roulette, can be calculated by:
where n is the number of squares the player is betting on. The initial bet is returned in addition to the mentioned payout. It can be easily demonstrated that this payout formula would lead to a zero expected value of profit if the numbers were only 36. Being the numbers 37 or 38 gives casino its edge.
|Bet name||Winning spaces||Payout||Odds against winning (French)||Expected value
(on a $1 bet) (French)
|Odds against winning (American)||Expected value
(on a $1 bet) (American)
|0||0||35 to 1||36 to 1||−$0.027||37 to 1||−$0.053|
|00||00||35 to 1||37 to 1||−$0.053|
|Straight up||Any single number||35 to 1||36 to 1||−$0.027||37 to 1||−$0.053|
|Row||0, 00||17 to 1||18 to 1||−$0.053|
|Split||any two adjoining numbers vertical or horizontal||17 to 1||35 to 2||−$0.027||18 to 1||−$0.053|
|Basket||0, 1, 2 or 00, 2, 3 or 0, 00, 2||11 to 1||34 to 3||−$0.027||11.667 to 1||−$0.053|
|Street||any three numbers horizontal (1, 2, 3 or 4, 5, 6, etc.)||11 to 1||34 to 3||−$0.027||11.667 to 1||−$0.053|
|Corner||any four adjoining numbers in a block (1, 2, 4, 5 or 17, 18, 20, 21, etc.)||8 to 1||33 to 4||−$0.027||8.5 to 1||−$0.053|
|Top line||0, 00, 1, 2, 3||6 to 1||6.6 to 1||−$0.079|
|Six line||any six numbers from two horizontal rows (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33 etc.)||5 to 1||31 to 6||−$0.027||5.33 to 1||−$0.053|
|1st column||1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34||2 to 1||25 to 12||−$0.027||2.167 to 1||−$0.053|
|2nd column||2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29, 32, 35||2 to 1||25 to 12||−$0.027||2.167 to 1||−$0.053|
|3rd column||3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36||2 to 1||25 to 12||−$0.027||2.167 to 1||−$0.053|
|1st dozen||1 through 12||2 to 1||25 to 12||−$0.027||2.167 to 1||−$0.053|
|2nd dozen||13 through 24||2 to 1||25 to 12||−$0.027||2.167 to 1||−$0.053|
|3rd dozen||25 through 36||2 to 1||25 to 12||−$0.027||2.167 to 1||−$0.053|
|Odd||1, 3, 5, …, 35||1 to 1||19 to 18||−$0.027||1.111 to 1||−$0.053|
|Even||2, 4, 6, …, 36||1 to 1||19 to 18||−$0.027||1.111 to 1||−$0.053|
|Red||1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12,
14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 23,
25, 27, 30, 32, 34, 36
|1 to 1||19 to 18||−$0.027||1.111 to 1||−$0.053|
|Black||2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11,
13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24,
26, 28, 29, 31, 33, 35
|1 to 1||19 to 18||−$0.027||1.111 to 1||−$0.053|
|1 to 18||1, 2, 3, …, 18||1 to 1||19 to 18||−$0.027||1.111 to 1||−$0.053|
|19 to 36||19, 20, 21, …, 36||1 to 1||19 to 18||−$0.027||1.111 to 1||−$0.053|
Note that Top line (0, 00, 1, 2, 3) has a different expected value because of approximation of the correct 6.2 payout obtained by the formula to 6. Note also that 0 and 00 are neither odd nor even in this game. En prison rules alter the game making it more favourable to player.
The house average or house edge (also called the expected value) is the amount the player loses relative for any bet made, on average. If a player bets on a single number in the American game there is a probability of 1/38 that the player wins 35 times the bet, and a 37/38 chance that the player loses his bet. The expected value is:
−1×37⁄38 + 35×1⁄38 = −0.0526 (5.26% house edge)
For European roulette, a single number wins 1⁄37 and loses 36⁄37:
−1×36⁄37 + 35×1/37 = −0.0270 (2.70% house edge)
The presence of the green squares on the roulette wheel and on the table is technically the only house edge. Outside bets will always lose when a single or double zero comes up. However, the house also has an edge on inside bets because the pay outs are always set at 35 to 1 when you mathematically have a 1 out of 38 (1 out of 37 for French/European roulette) chance at winning a straight bet on a single number. [To demonstrate the house edge on inside bets, imagine placing straight $1 wagers on all inside numbers (including 0 and 00) to assure a win: you would only get back $36, having spent $38.] The only exceptions are the five numbers bet where the house edge is considerably higher (7.89% on an American wheel), and the “even money” bets in some European games where the house edge is halved because only half the stake is lost when a zero comes up.The house edge should not be confused with the “hold”. The hold is the average percentage of the money originally brought to the table that the player loses before he leaves—the actual “win” amount for the casino. The Casino Control Commission in Atlantic City releases a monthly report showing the win/hold amounts for each casino. The average win/hold for double zero wheels is between 21–30%, significantly more than the 5.26% house edge. This reflects the fact that the player is churning the same money over and over again. A 23.6% hold, for example, would imply that, on average, the player bets the total he brought to the table five times, as 23.6% is approximately equal to 100% – (100% – 5.26%)^5. For example, a player with $100 making $10 bets on red (which has a near 50/50 chance of winning) is highly unlikely to lose all his money after only 10 bets, and will most likely continue to bet until he has lost all of his money or decides to leave. A player making $10 bets on a single number (with only 1/38 chance of success) with a $100 bankroll is far more likely to lose all of his money after only 10 bets.In the early frontier gambling saloons, the house would set the odds on roulette tables at 27 for 1. This meant that on a $1 bet you would get $27 and the house would keep your initial dollar. Today most casino odds are set by law, and they have to be either 34 to 1 or 35 to 1. This means that the house pays you $34 or $35 and you get to keep your original $1 bet.